Erc-20 Vs. Erc-721: What’S The Difference Between Erc-20 And Erc-721 Tokens On Ethereum?

Erc-20 Vs. Erc-721: What'S The Difference Between Erc-20 And Erc-721 Tokens On Ethereum

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Key Takeaway:

  • Fungible and Non-Fungible Tokens: ERC-20 tokens are fungible assets, meaning they are interchangeable with each other and can be divided into smaller units without affecting their value. On the other hand, ERC-721 tokens are non-fungible assets, representing unique items or assets that cannot be divided and have distinct properties and values.
  • Ownership Verification: Blockchain technology plays a crucial role in verifying ownership details of both ERC-20 and ERC-721 tokens. With blockchain, the ownership history and transaction records of these tokens can be transparently and immutably tracked, ensuring trust and eliminating the need for intermediaries.
  • Differences between ERC-20 and ERC-721: The main difference lies in their use cases and token standards. ERC-20 tokens are commonly used for cryptocurrencies and utility tokens, while ERC-721 tokens are primarily used for representing ownership and trading of digital assets like collectibles, game items, and real estate. Additionally, ERC-721 tokens have unique identifiers and can be stored and traded on non-fungible token (NFT) marketplaces.


The primary goal of this article is to highlight the key differences between ERC-20 and ERC-721 tokens on the Ethereum platform. These tokens serve distinct purposes and have varying functionalities within the Ethereum ecosystem. ERC-20 tokens are commonly used to represent fungible assets, such as cryptocurrencies or utility tokens, whereas ERC-721 tokens are non-fungible tokens (NFTs) that are unique and indivisible. By understanding the characteristics and capabilities of each token standard, individuals can make informed decisions regarding their use cases and potential applications within the Ethereum network.

To delve deeper into the topic, let’s explore some additional specificities of ERC-20 and ERC-721 tokensERC-20 tokens adhere to a set of predefined rules, enabling seamless compatibility and interoperability among different Ethereum smart contracts and decentralized applications (DApps). On the other hand, ERC-721 tokens offer unparalleled versatility as they can represent any type of unique asset, including digital collectibles, real estate, or even ownership rights. This uniqueness is achieved through the use of different token identifiers for every ERC-721 token, ensuring their individual distinctiveness and value.

It is worth noting that ERC-721 tokens revolutionized the concept of ownership and asset representation on the blockchain. With ERC-721 tokens, individuals can create, trade, and prove ownership of unique digital assets without the need for intermediaries. This innovation has opened up new avenues for the creation and exchange of virtual assets, fueling the growth of the NFT market.

In a relevant study conducted by OpenZeppelin, it was found that ERC-20 and ERC-721 tokens are widely adopted and utilized within the Ethereum ecosystem. The research showcased the extensive use of ERC-20 tokens in various applications, including Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) and decentralized exchanges, while acknowledging the uniqueness and value proposition of ERC-721 tokens in the realm of digital collectibles and unique assets.

Fungible and Non-Fungible Tokens: An Overview

When it comes to cryptocurrencies on the Ethereum blockchain, there are two types of tokens that serve different purposes: fungible and non-fungible tokens. Fungible tokens, like ERC-20, are interchangeable with each other, while non-fungible tokens, like ERC-721, represent unique assets.

Today, I would like to give you an overview of fungible and non-fungible tokens and explain their distinct characteristics. Additionally, I’ll delve into the role of blockchain technology in verifying ownership details, providing transparency and security to token holders. So, let’s dive in and explore the fascinating world of fungible and non-fungible tokens!

Understanding fungible and non-fungible tokens

Fungible and Non-Fungible Tokens: An Overview

Fungible and non-fungible tokens are distinct types of digital assets that serve different purposes in the Ethereum crypto realm. These tokens can be understood by looking at their characteristics and the role of blockchain technology in verifying ownership details.

Understanding fungible and non-fungible tokens:

  1. Fungible tokens:
    • Fungible tokens, such as ERC20 tokens, are interchangeable and identical to one another.
    • They can be divided into smaller units and still retain their value.
    • Fungible tokens represent a homogeneous asset class, like currency or commodities.
  2. Non-fungible tokens:
    • Non-fungible tokens, such as ERC721 tokens, are unique and irreplaceable.
    • Each token has its own distinct value and cannot be divided into smaller units.
    • Non-fungible tokens represent a diverse range of assets, including collectibles, game items, or real-world assets.
  3. Role of blockchain technology:
    • Blockchain technology ensures the verification of ownership details for both fungible and non-fungible tokens.
    • It provides transparency, immutability, and security in recording token transactions.
    • By using smart contracts on the blockchain, ownership rights can be securely transferred and proven.

By understanding the concepts of fungibility and non-fungibility in the context of blockchain technology, one can grasp the fundamental differences between these two types of digital assets. While fungible tokens are interchangeable and divisible, non-fungible tokens are unique and indivisible.

To enhance understanding further:

  • Explore the specific functionalities offered by ERC20 and ERC721 token standards in terms of development purposes.
  • Analyze real-world implementations like CryptoKitties to see how ERC721 tokens have been utilized for creating unique digital collectibles.
  • Compare key aspects such as divisibility, value uniqueness, transferability, and use cases between ERC20 and ERC721 tokens.

By following these suggestions, individuals can gain a comprehensive understanding of fungible and non-fungible tokens and their respective roles in the Ethereum crypto realm. This knowledge will be valuable for navigating the evolving landscape of digital assets and blockchain technology.

The role of blockchain technology in verifying ownership details

The blockchain technology plays a crucial role in ensuring the verification of ownership details. By leveraging the decentralized nature of blockchain, ownership records can be securely stored and verified without the need for intermediaries. This eliminates the risk of fraudulent transactions or false claims, as each transfer of ownership is recorded on a transparent and immutable ledger.

The use of blockchain technology not only ensures the authenticity and accuracy of ownership information but also enables easy and efficient transfer of assets in a peer-to-peer manner. Additionally, smart contracts can be utilized to automate the verification process, further streamlining the verification of ownership details.

Ethereum Crypto Realm Assets

In the Ethereum crypto realm, there exists a fascinating array of assets, each with its own unique characteristics. Let’s delve into the classification of assets in this realm and explore the differences between ERC20 and ERC721 tokens.

First, we have ERC20 tokens, which function as fungible assets, meaning they can be freely exchanged for one another. On the other hand, we also have ERC721 tokens, which serve as non-fungible assets, representing one-of-a-kind digital collectibles. Join me as we venture into the depths of the Ethereum crypto realm and uncover the distinctions between these two types of tokens.

Classification of assets in the Ethereum crypto realm

In the Ethereum crypto realm, assets are classified based on their unique properties. These assets can be categorized into different types, each with its own set of characteristics and use cases. To understand the classification of assets in the Ethereum crypto realm, let’s take a closer look at the following table:

Asset Type Description
ERC20 Tokens Fungible assets that can be exchanged on a one-to-one basis. They adhere to a set of standards defined by the ERC20 token standard. Examples include stablecoins like Tether (USDT) and utility tokens like Binance Coin (BNB).
ERC721 Tokens Non-fungible assets that represent unique digital items or collectibles. Each token is distinct and cannot be replaced by another token. The ERC721 token standard is used for creating these assets, as seen in popular applications like CryptoKitties where each digital cat is a unique ERC721 token.

Beyond these two main categories, there may also be other types of assets in the Ethereum crypto realm, such as ERC1155 tokens or other custom asset classes introduced through smart contracts. These classifications help provide clarity and define the characteristics of various assets within the Ethereum ecosystem.

In an interesting incident related to asset classification, a rare collectible artwork represented as an ERC721 token was auctioned off for a record-breaking price in the crypto realm. This event showcased the growing recognition and value associated with non-fungible assets within the Ethereum ecosystem.

ERC20 tokens as fungible assets

ERC20 tokens are a type of digital assets on the Ethereum blockchain that exhibit fungibility. Fungible assets are interchangeable and can be exchanged on a one-to-one basis. They hold the same value and characteristics, making them easily substitutable. This characteristic makes ERC20 tokens highly useful for applications such as cryptocurrencies and utility tokens.

  • ERC20 tokens have standardized features and functions, allowing for seamless integration and interoperability with different platforms and wallets.
  • These tokens can be divided into fractional units, enabling easy handling of smaller denominations and facilitating microtransactions.
  • ERC20 tokens provide a high level of liquidity, as they can be traded on decentralized exchanges or transferred between addresses without any restrictions.

In addition to these points, it is worth noting that ERC20 tokens have played a pivotal role in the growth of the decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem. They have been used to represent various assets such as stablecoins, governance tokens, and lending/borrowing assets, providing users with a wide range of financial opportunities.

Now let’s delve into an interesting historical fact about ERC20 tokens as fungible assets. During the initial coin offering (ICO) boom in 2017, many projects opted to create their own ERC20 tokens as a means of fundraising. This led to a surge in token creation and usage within the Ethereum ecosystem, contributing to its widespread adoption and establishing ERC20 as one of the most popular token standards in the crypto industry.

Ethereum’s ERC721 tokens are the Mona Lisas of the crypto world, each one a unique masterpiece that can’t be replicated or traded for a pile of bananas.

ERC721 tokens as non-fungible assets

ERC721 tokens, also known as non-fungible assets, are unique digital tokens on the Ethereum blockchain. Here are 5 key points about ERC721 tokens:

  • Each ERC721 token has a distinct value and cannot be replaced by another token.
  • These tokens represent ownership of a specific asset or item, such as digital art, collectibles, or virtual real estate.
  • Unlike fungible assets (such as ERC20 tokens), each ERC721 token has its own unique characteristics and properties.
  • The ownership and transfer of ERC721 tokens can be verified through blockchain technology, ensuring transparency and security.
  • ERC721 tokens have gained popularity in the gaming and collectibles industries for their ability to represent rare and one-of-a-kind items.

In addition to these points, it is worth noting that the ERC721 standard was implemented in popular games like CryptoKitties, where each digital cat was represented by a unique ERC721 token.

Understanding ERC20

When it comes to understanding ERC20 tokens, it’s crucial to explore their development and purpose, as well as the specific standards and functions they adhere to. Developed on the Ethereum blockchain, ERC20 tokens have revolutionized the world of digital assets.

In this section, we’ll take a closer look at the origins and intentions behind the creation of ERC20 tokens. Additionally, we’ll dive into the token standards and functions that govern their behavior within the Ethereum ecosystem. So, let’s delve into the fascinating world of ERC20 tokens and unravel their inner workings.

Development and purpose of ERC20

ERC20 Tokens: Development and Purpose

ERC20 tokens have emerged as a significant development in the realm of blockchain technology. These tokens have been purposefully designed to enable seamless interoperability between different decentralized applications (dApps) on the Ethereum network. The main aim behind the development of ERC20 tokens is to establish a standardized set of rules and functions that would govern how these tokens are created, sent, and received within the Ethereum ecosystem.

The purpose of ERC20 tokens can be understood through their potential to facilitate the creation and management of fungible digital assets. By adhering to a common protocol, ERC20 tokens allow developers to easily deploy new cryptocurrencies on top of the Ethereum blockchain. This standardization ensures compatibility between different platforms, wallets, and exchanges, promoting wider adoption and liquidity for these tokens.

Another crucial aspect of ERC20 token development is ensuring seamless integration with smart contracts. Smart contracts are self-executing contracts with predefined conditions that automatically trigger actions once those conditions are met. By incorporating ERC20 standards, developers can leverage the functionalities provided by smart contracts to implement features like automatic token transfers, dividend distribution mechanisms, or dynamic token supply adjustments.

ERC20 token standards and functions

ERC20 tokens adhere to a set of standards and possess specific functions that distinguish them from other token types in the Ethereum crypto realm. These standards and functions ensure interoperability and compatibility among ERC20 tokens, allowing for seamless integration across different applications and wallets. They outline the necessary rules and interfaces that an ERC20 token contract must follow to be considered compliant with the standard.

Below is a summary of the key standards and functions associated with ERC20 tokens:

Standard/Function Description
Total Supply Returns the total supply of tokens issued
Balance Of Returns the token balance of a specified address
Transfer Transfers a specified amount of tokens from one address to another
Approve Approves a designated address to spend a certain number of tokens on behalf of the sender
Allowance Returns the remaining number of tokens that an approved address can still spend
Transfer From Transfers tokens from one address to another on behalf of a third party with approval
Events Allows contracts or applications to subscribe to specific events triggered by token transfers

These standards and functions provide essential functionalities for handling ERC20 tokens, including querying balances, initiating transfers, managing approvals, and tracking events. By adhering to these standards, developers can ensure compatibility with existing ERC20-compatible wallets, exchanges, and smart contracts.

To further enhance the usability and security of ERC20 tokens, developers are encouraged to conduct rigorous testing, including vulnerability assessments and audits. Regularly updating token contracts based on new industry developments is also recommended to maintain adherence to best practices and enhance security measures.

By following these suggestions, developers can create more robust ERC20 token contracts that comply with industry standards while enabling broader adoption and interactability within the Ethereum ecosystem. This ultimately contributes to a more efficient and secure blockchain-based economy.

Understanding ERC721

As we delve into the world of ERC721 tokens, we will uncover some fascinating aspects that set them apart from their ERC20 counterparts. One exciting example of ERC721 implementation can be found in the popular virtual pet game, CryptoKitties. This sub-section will explore how CryptoKitties utilizes ERC721 tokens, providing insights into the unique features and functionalities that it brings to the game. We will also delve into the key distinctions between ERC20 and ERC721 tokens, shedding light on their respective purposes and uses within the Ethereum ecosystem. Moreover, we will analyze the essential aspects of the ERC721 standard, highlighting its significance and potential implications for the future of blockchain technology.

Implementation of ERC721 in CryptoKitties

CryptoKitties: Understanding the Integration of ERC721 Tokens

CryptoKitties, a popular blockchain-based game, showcases the effective implementation of ERC721 tokens. The integration of ERC721 in CryptoKitties has revolutionized the concept of digital collectibles.

Feature Description
Unique Assets Each CryptoKitty is represented as a unique non-fungible token (ERC721) on the Ethereum blockchain.
Ownership The ownership details are securely verified and recorded on the decentralized blockchain, allowing transparent ownership transfer and eliminating any chances of duplication.
Breeding Mechanism Cryptokitties can be bred using two parent kitties to produce offspring with new genetic traits, making each CryptoKitty distinct and valuable.
Marketplace A decentralized marketplace allows users to buy, sell, and trade CryptoKitties using Ether (ETH), providing a dynamic ecosystem for digital asset transactions.
Scarcity With limited editions available for each CryptoKitty, scarcity adds value to these digital assets, making some rare kitties highly sought after by collectors.

The integration of ERC721 in CryptoKitties introduces a novel way to create and trade unique digital assets on the Ethereum blockchain. By utilizing ERC721 tokens, each CryptoKitty is indivisible and cannot be replicated or substituted like traditional fungible tokens (ERC20).

Don’t miss out on exploring the world of CryptoKitties where you can own one-of-a-kind virtual feline companions. Engage in breeding, trading, and collecting these adorable digital creatures while immersing yourself in the exciting possibilities offered by ERC721 tokens. Start your journey into the realm of unique assets today!

Difference between ERC20 and ERC721 tokens

ERC20 tokens and ERC721 tokens are two types of tokens on the Ethereum blockchain. The main difference between them lies in their fungibility. Fungible tokens, such as ERC20 tokens, are identical and interchangeable with each other. On the other hand, non-fungible tokens, like ERC721 tokens, are unique and cannot be replaced by any other token.

Let’s take a closer look at the differences between ERC20 and ERC721 tokens:

  ERC20 Tokens ERC721 Tokens
Fungibility Fully fungible Non-fungible
Minting/Creation Minted in bulk Individually minted
Ownership Tokens can be owned by multiple addresses Each token has a unique owner
Token supply Fixed supply Variable supply
Token identification Identified through token IDs or indexes Identified through unique token IDs

One unique aspect of ERC721 tokens is that they allow for the representation of individual digital assets as non-fungible items. Each asset is distinct and can have its own set of properties or characteristics. This makes ERC721 tokens suitable for applications like collectibles, gaming assets, and real-world asset representation.

The concept of non-fungible tokens was first implemented with the introduction of CryptoKitties on the Ethereum blockchain in 2017. CryptoKitties allowed users to breed, collect, and trade unique virtual kittens represented as ERC721 tokens. This popularized the use of non-fungible tokens and paved the way for further development in this area.

Overall, while both ERC20 and ERC721 tokens operate on the Ethereum blockchain, they have distinct characteristics that make them suitable for different use cases. Understanding the difference between these token standards is crucial when designing or interacting with decentralized applications that utilize them.

Key aspects of the ERC721 standard

The ERC721 standard has several crucial aspects that make it unique:

  • Immutable Ownership: With ERC721 tokens, each token is indivisible and represents a unique asset. This allows for easy verification of ownership and prevents duplication or tampering.
  • Non-Fungible Nature: Unlike ERC20 tokens, which are interchangeable, ERC721 tokens are non-fungible, meaning each token holds its own distinct value and properties.
  • Metadata Flexibility: The ERC721 standard enables the inclusion of additional metadata for each token, such as descriptions, images, or other information specific to the asset represented by the token.
  • Support for Diverse Use Cases: The ERC721 standard can be applied to a wide range of use cases beyond simple digital currency, including collectibles, gaming assets, real estate representation, intellectual property rights, and more.

A key aspect of the ERC721 standard lies in its ability to ensure unique ownership of digital assets on the Ethereum blockchain. This granularity in asset representation opens up new possibilities for various industries seeking decentralized solutions.


ERC-20 and ERC-721 are both token standards on the Ethereum blockchain, but they have distinct differences. In the case of ERC-20 tokens, they are fungible, meaning that each token is identical and can be exchanged on a one-to-one basis. On the other hand, ERC-721 tokens are non-fungible, representing unique assets such as collectibles or game items.

While both standards have their own advantages and use cases, it is important to consider the specific requirements of each project before choosing the appropriate token standard. Understanding the nuances between ERC-20 and ERC-721 tokens can help developers and users make informed decisions about which standard is best suited for their needs.


ERC-20 vs. ERC-721: What’s the difference between ERC-20 and ERC-721 tokens on Ethereum?

  • ✅ ERC-20 tokens represent fungible assets, while ERC-721 tokens represent non-fungible assets. (Source: Team Research)
  • ✅ ERC-20 tokens are used to represent project ownership, service vouchers, staking tokens, or governance tokens. (Source: Team Research)
  • ✅ ERC-721 tokens are mainly used to represent in-game assets, such as the virtual kitties in the game CryptoKitties. (Source: Team Research)
  • ✅ ERC-20 tokens follow a standard set of rules for token swapping, moving, or sharing, while ERC-721 tokens simplify ownership of non-fungible assets. (Source: Team Research)
  • ✅ The Ethereum blockchain does not differentiate between ERC-20 and ERC-721 tokens, treating them both as variables in smart contracts. (Source: Team Research)

FAQs about Erc-20 Vs. Erc-721: What’S The Difference Between Erc-20 And Erc-721 Tokens On Ethereum?

What are Ethereum tokens and how do they represent value?

Ethereum tokens gained popularity as Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) started using them in 2016-2017. These tokens are used to represent ownership or value, especially in-game assets. They can be traded for other valuable tokens or Ethereum (Ether), making their trading potentiality significant.

What is the role of Ethereum Request for Comments (ERC) in token standardization?

ERC is an open and public mechanism inspired by internet Request for Comments (RFCs) that allows individuals to create and comment on recommendations for defining Ethereum smart contracts and tokens. It focuses on the standardization of tokens, ensuring interoperability and compatibility between different tokens.

What is the difference between fungible and non-fungible tokens?

Fungible tokens are non-unique and divisible, such as fiat currency or Bitcoin. Non-fungible tokens cannot be divided and represent a single, unique, and indivisible entity, such as a domain name or digital artwork. Fungible tokens store value, while non-fungible tokens store data and information.

How do ERC20 tokens differ from ERC721 tokens?

ERC20 tokens represent fungible assets, such as project ownership or governance tokens. On the other hand, ERC721 tokens represent non-fungible assets, mainly used for in-game assets like virtual kitties. ERC20 tokens follow a uniform set of rules for transfers and sharing, while ERC721 tokens simplify ownership of unique assets.

What are the functionality standards of ERC20 tokens?

ERC20 tokens have certain standards, including token name, decimal (up to 18), symbol, transfer, balance of, total supply, transfer from, approve, and allowance. These standards ensure consistency and interoperability among ERC20 tokens.

How does ERC721 token ownership differ from ERC20 tokens?

With ERC721 tokens, ownership is simplified to either complete ownership or not owning the asset at all. For example, in the game CryptoKitties, users either fully own a unique kittie or do not own it at all. In contrast, ERC20 tokens do not have this level of ownership specificity.

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